Wide Variety of Services

We know that you don't always know the right terms to look for when trying to find care for your animal, especially when it's an emergency. Feel free to examine our service offerings below, but don't be discouraged if you don't see what you're looking for. Give us a call any time and our trained and professional staff will be right there to help you understand what your animal needs.

Bear Creek Veterinary Hospital

20492 NC HWY 73

Phone: 704-986-0000

Fax: 704-986-0016

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Equine Asthma (COPD or Heaves)

By |March 12th, 2014|

Whatever you call it,  Equine Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), or Heaves it’s BAD.
General Information
This inflammatory airway disease has had quite a few names.  It was originally called “Heaves” due to the the heaving of the chest and abdominal muscles working very hard to move air.  Then they changed to  it to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but it that seemed to confuse to owners because, well, horses don’t smoke so, that did not seem right.  Also, the lung pathology was not the same.  Currently and as far as I am concerned, the best and most accurate description […]

Equine First Aid Kit

By |March 12th, 2014|

These following items are recommended to keep on hand as a first aid kit in your barn and/or in your horse trailer:
Vetwrap 2 rolls
Quilt/Cotton leg wraps
Bandage scissors
Betadine Solution 2%
Triple Antibiotic ointment
Saline eye wash
Hoof pick
Epsom Salts
12 cc syringes
35 cc syringes
18ga. 1 ½” needles
20ga 1 ½” needles
Exam gloves
* Phenylbutazone
* Flunixamine (Banamine)
* These products are available by prescription only with a valid client-patient relationship and recommended only on a case by case basis with individual clients.

Recurrent Uveitis

By |March 12th, 2014|

General Information
This condition, also known as “moon blindness,” is the main cause of blindness in horses. The uveal tract, consisting of the iris and adjacent structures, is the main blood supply of the eye. Toxic, immunologic and/or infections agents in the blood damage the blood vessels of the eye and then can indirectly affect most other parts of the eye. These agents can cause temporary damage but also can cause low-grade, slow destruction of the eye. Inflammation of the eye can be quite obvious or can be subtle, resulting in underlying damage without obvious signs. This initial blood vessel […]

Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome

By |March 12th, 2014|

Equine stomach ulcers
General Information
What are stomach ulcers?
Stomach ulcers in horses are erosions in the lining of the stomach, usually caused by excessive acid production and decreased natural buffers like saliva. Grazing horses produce more saliva and have a more alkaline pH in the gut, therefore horses that spend the majority of their time grazing are less likely to have stomach ulcers. Added stresses such as traveling, showing, training, and even prolonged stall confinement can contribute to excess acid build up and ulcer formation. A primarily grain based diet also increases the acid content of the gut and does not […]

Equine Protozoal Myeloenchephalitis (EPM)

By |March 12th, 2014|

This disease is very common in North Carolina and is often referred to as the “Possum Disease” or EPM.
What causes EPM?
It is caused the protozoal parasite Sarcocystis neurona. The protozoa is carried by infected opossums and transmitted in the feces and ingested by the horses. From there the parasite migrates from the intestines and into the brain or spinal chord.
What are the clinical signs?
Signs may vary based on the number of parasites and where in the central nervous system they are attacking. Direct damage and killing of nerves cells versus swelling and inflammation around them will determine if the […]

Esophageal Obstruction (Choke)

By |March 11th, 2014|

General Information
Choke is an compaction of feed in the esophagus or obstruction of the esophagus, usually caused by a bolus or lump of food. It is not a tracheal (windpipe) obstruction, which impairs breathing. Your horse cannot swallow but can still breath normally. Patience is important so please remain calm. Most chokes resolve spontaneously within a few minutes. If a choke persists for more than 20 minutes, or if you are unsure as to how long the horse has been obstructed, please call our office for assistance. Timely treatment is very important due significant irritation caused by the feed […]

Dental Care and Teeth Floating

By |March 11th, 2014|

General Information
Dental care is an important part of horse management. Dental problems are best prevented by dental examination once or twice a year. The teeth of horses continually grow throughout the animal’s life. The teeth can be used to estimate a horse’s age; however, certain dental problems, such as malocclusion (upper and lower teeth do not meet), broken teeth and abnormal wear (as from cribbing), can make it difficult to estimate a horse’s age. In order to perform a thorough oral exam, your veterinarian will use a full mouth speculum.
To do a quick examination of horse’s teeth:
Lift the upper […]

Laminitis (Founder)

By |March 11th, 2014|

General Information
Laminitis (founder) is a painful condition characterized by inflammation of the blood vessel-filled laminae holding the coffin bone to the inside of the hoof. The term laminitis is a technical term used to describe the sudden onset of laminar inflammation, while the term “founder” is a lay term applied to the same condition. All Laminitis cases are not created equal. Depending on the cause of the inflammation, it may present sudden and severe, or slow, mild, and insidious. This later type will sneak up on you. The more severe the laminitis is at its onset, the greater the […]

Lacerations and Wound Repair

By |March 11th, 2014|

General Information
A laceration is an accidental full-thickness cut through the skin. An abrasion is a scrape that damages the skin but does not penetrate the full thickness of the skin. To determine if a wound is an abrasion or a laceration, gently pull the wound edges apart. With a laceration, the underlying connective tissue can be seen.
Golden Rule:  All wounds should be sutured within 6 hours of occurrence!
In the event of a laceration, puncture wound, or injury open injury of any kind, please contact your veterinarian immediately.  The veterinarian will need to examine the injury and determine if the […]

Insect Bite Hypersensitivity

By |March 11th, 2014|

General Information
Various types of insects can cause skin problems in horses. Problems involving large, easily visible insects, such as deer flies, house flies, stable flies, horn flies, bot flies, mosquitoes and fire ants, are usually obvious. The extent of involvement of very small insects, such as lice, ticks, chiggers, mites and midges (no-see-ums), in skin disease may not be readily apparent and can be deceiving.
Horses can have 2 types of hypersensitivity reactions to insect bites:
Toxic reaction:
The bites of larger insects can cause multiple wheals (welts) over the horse’s body, about 1cm in diameter or larger.

The bites of smaller insects, […]